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Carbon on Earth is found in six major stores: the atmosphere, hydrosphere, pedosphere, biosphere, lithosphere and fossil fuels. But how does carbon move between these stores?

In this video we team up with Dr Angela Gallego-Sala from the University of Exeter, to take a look at how carbon, over hundreds of millions of years, moves through the long-term carbon cycle.


Written and developed by: Angela Gallego-Sala, Rob Parker, Harriet Ridley, Tim Parker

Videography by: Josh Carron, Harriet Ridley

Thank you to Dartmoor National Park for enabling us to film this video on Dartmoor.


Plate tectonics animation clips from Stern et al. (2017) are used in this video with permission from the author. For more information, see: Robert Stern, Warren Lieu, Asya Mantey, Andrew Ward, Todd Fechter, Eric Farrar, Sean McComber, Jeffrey Windler: A new animation of subduction zone processes developed for the undergraduate and community college audience. Geosphere ; 13 (3): 628–643. doi:

"Dartmoor" by Mark Himsley is licensed under CC BY 3.0

"Waterfall 03 / Free Stock Footage" by GreenLight Stock Footage is licensed under CC BY 3.0

"Limestone Layers Close-Up" by skylarprimm is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

"Fossil" by Mullica is licensed under CC BY 2.0

"Chevron's Toxic Legacy in Ecuador's Amazon" by Rainforest Action Network is licensed under CC BY-NC 2.0

"Lancashire Coal and fireclay" by b3tarev3 is licensed under CC PDM 1.0

"NASA Scientist Reveals Greenland's Geologic Past" by NASA (public domain)

"NASA Rainfall Data and Global Fire Weather" by NASA (public domain)

"RAW VIDEO - Calbuco Eruption, view from Puerto Varas - The John Tinta Report" by citizenmanu is licensed under CC BY 3.0

"Eruption Anak Krakatau 2018/10/25" by Frank Keurntjes is licensed under CC BY 3.0

Kīlauea Volcano — Summit Eruption (May 24, 2018) by the USGS (public domain)

Kīlauea Volcano — Aerial of Kīlauea Summit Activity by the USGS (public domain)

Rumble · loop 10s by unfa is licensed under CC BY 3.0