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Course links: GCSE • IGCSE • A-level • IA-level • IB • National 5 • Higher Geography


Contents


In this video, we team up with volcanologists Dr Emma Lui and Dr Tom Pering, to look at how different types of tectonic activity affect the chemistry and the character of volcanoes. Using real lava and exciting laboratory demonstrations, we explore:

  • • Why some volcanoes are more explosive than others
  • • Different styles of eruption
  • • Different types of volcano

Acknowledgements


Written and developed by: Tom Pering, Emma Liu, Rob Parker, Dan Boatright, Harriet Ridley, Tim Parker, Tony Escritt

Videography by: Vratislav Karas, Madeleine Duggan, Rob Parker, Harriet Ridley

Special thanks to:

  • • The Icelandic Lava Show for helping us to create this video.
  • • Tony Escritt and Þorbjörg Ágústsdóttir for making their footage of recent Icelandic eruptions available for use in this video.
  • • Dr Emma Liu and collaborators at the University of Bristol for making volcano drone video footage available for use in this video.

Attributions


Plate tectonics animation clips from Stern et al. (2017) are used in this video with permission from the author. For more information, see: Robert Stern, Warren Lieu, Asya Mantey, Andrew Ward, Todd Fechter, Eric Farrar, Sean McComber, Jeffrey Windler: A new animation of subduction zone processes developed for the undergraduate and community college audience. Geosphere ; 13 (3): 628–643. doi: https://doi.org/10.1130/GES01360.1

"NASA Scientist Reveals Greenland's Geologic Past" by NASA (public domain)

Eyjafjallajokull Volcano Image © by KLIKK / Abode Stock

Volcanic Ash Eruption: Iceland Animation courtesy of NOAA

Eyjafjallajökull eruption in 2010 image by Terje Sørgjerd is licensed under CC BY 3.0

Fimmvorduhals second fissure 2010 image by Henrik Thorburn is licensed under CC BY 3.0

Lava loop.wav sound by Audionautics is licensed under CC BY 3.0

Volcano Eruption sound by smcameron is licensed under CC BY 3.0

Wind, Synthesized sound by InspectorJ is licensed under CC BY 3.0

Pāhoehoe Breakout on Coastal Plain video courtesy of USGS

Summit Lava Lake Activity video courtesy of USGS

Kīlauea Volcano — Fissure 8 Aerial video courtesy of USGS

Kīlauea Volcano — Fountaining at Fissure 20 video courtesy of USGS

Kīlauea Volcano — Fissure 8 video courtesy of USGS

Kīlauea Volcano — USA Overlight of Lower East Rift Zone video courtesy of USGS

Kīlauea Volcano — May 19 Fissure and Flow (LERZ) video courtesy of USGS

Vigorous Breakout Northeast of Pu`u `Ō`ō video courtesy of USGS

Mount St. Helens: Steam, Ash Emissions and Dome Growth, October 2004 video courtesy of USGS

Image of the Week - Volcán de Fuego, Guatemala video courtesy of USGS

Littoral explosions at Waikupanaha entry video courtesy of USGS