Time for Geography videos are made as widely accessible as possible, thanks to advanced neural machine translation technology and the Time for Geography user community around the world.

Sometimes mistakes crop up, that only native speakers and geographers can spot. If you spot something amiss and would like to help improve the captioning on this video, please do so:

  1. Download the relevant captions file using the links below.
  2. Edit the file with your changes.
  3. Send it back to us at [email protected].
  4. We will check the file, update the live captions and say a big thank you for helping support teachers and students around the world.

File downloads


We are updating this feature. Captions and transcript files will be available for download again shortly.